The purpose of veins, including the network of veins located in the legs, is to convey blood back to the heart. This process is initiated when the veins closest to the skin, known as the superficial veins, link up with perforating veins, which in turn transport blood to the deep veins (these are located in the calf and the thigh).

In order for the blood to be properly carried back to the heart, the opening and closing valves contained in the veins must be fully operational. If these don’t work properly, varicose veins and venous reflux disorder can occur. A primary symptom of this – the congestion of blood in the affected leg area – can cause a number of problems.

In this section we take a look at some of the problems which can occur and the treatment options open to the patient to address these problems.

Vein Disorders


There are a range of vein disorders which can occur in patients today as a result of superficial venous reflux – these range from spider veins and varicose veins to swelling/oedema and leg ulcers. To find out more click on the button below.

Vein Treatments


Traditionally the most common technique to treat varicose veins was open surgical vein stripping. Today, there are multiple solutions available many of which are minimally invasive. Open surgical stripping is no longer necessary. To find out more click on the button below.